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The Khanda was introduced by the 17th century guru Hargobind Ji. The circle shape in the upper center of the symbol represents the caldron in which food was prepared. The vertically-positioned sword that divides the caldron in half was used by the 17th century guru, Gobind Singh. The two-sided blade has symbolic meaning as well. One side is the Bhagti, representing spiritual power, and the other side is the Shakti, representing a kind of cosmic energy. The two swords wrapping the caldron and double-bladed sword represent the Bhagti and Shakti doctrine of Sikhism.
"Ekonkar" (or "Ik Onkar") is the Sikh symbol that represents the One Supreme Reality in the religion, and is a central tenet of Sikh religious philosophy. "Ek" means one or united. "On" means supreme, ultimate, or highest bhrama (God), and the Atma (Soul) of the entire universe or system. And "Kar" means without shape or form.
A Kara is a steel or iron bracelet, worn by all initiated Sikhs. It is one of the five external articles of faith that identify a Sikh as dedicated to their religious order. The kara was instituted by the tenth Sikh guru Gobind Singh at the Baisakhi Amrit Sanskar in 1699.